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What effect does organized religion have on scientific growth?

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This question will explore evidence concerning the influence of organized religion on science both historically and recently.

 

Organized Religion is holding humanity back in terms of scientific growth.

Organized Religion does not hold back humanity in terms of scientific grown, and has helped science.

History

Religion has always held back science, and history includes several strong examples.  Religious communities denied that the world was round and that the world revolved around the sun and tried to silence Galileo on the issue.

History

The idea that science and religion are opposites is a fairly recent one.  For most of our history, there was no conflict and many scientists such as Kepler, Faraday, and Kelvin were able to study and discuss science without any conflict with their faith.1 

Galileo was permitted to write a balanced book exploring both world views, but insulted the church instead.  He was silenced more because of his attitude than because of the science.

Early Christian leaders were vital in the popularization of the scientific method.

Current Ideological Conflicts

There are several debates today that demonstrate the conflict between science and religion. Examples include the debate between evolution and creation.  Religeous beliefs have also conflicted with moral questions without scientific backing, such as abortion issues and LGBT rights. Additional specific examples will be addressed directly below.

Current Ideological Conflicts

There are some religious groups who do no agree with some scientific advances on moral grounds.  These morals may be misguided and incorrect, but it is unreasonable to claim that all religion is bad based on a relatively small sample of believes in a particular faith.

Examples With Measurable Impact

Today, conflict between science and religion can be found affecting government policies and market conditions. Stem Cell research has been prevended as a direct consequence of religious misunderstanding and interference.

Examples With Measurable Impact

The example of stem cell research ties into a moral debate about the value of early human life.  Humans often do share moral values within religious circles, but it is not specifically a religious argument.  

 

Does religion impede science?

Does religion impede science?

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Yes
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No
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I don't know
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References

1.     Reasonable Faith: What is the Relation Between Science and Religion

 

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